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BOWMAN, JAMES E.


INTERVIEW
JUNE, 2006

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

TOPICAL OUTLINE

MAJOR PAPERS

INTERVIEW HISTORY AND RELATED MATERIALS

TRAINING AT HOWARD AND RESIDENCY AT CHICAGO

ARMY SERVICE; WORK ON FAVISM IN IRAN

ANTI-MALARIAL WORK IN IRAN

ETHNICITY, RACE AND GENETICS; GALTON LAB AND UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

CIVIL RIGHTS AND GENETIC COUNSELING

GENETICS, ANTHROPOLOGY, AND THE HUMAN GENOME DIVERSITY PROJECT






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Dr. James Bowman was the first black professor to given tenure in the Biological Sciences Division at the University of Chicago. He is best known for his work on the genetics of race, especially G6PD Deficiency (Favism), and Sickle-Cell disease.  Dr. Bowman died in September, 2011.

Biographical Sketch

James Bowman was born in 1923 in Washington D.C.  He earned his MD from Howard University and completed an internship at Freedmen’s Hospital in Chicago and his residency in pathology at St. Luke’s Hospital.  After studying malnutrition in prisoners of war in the US Army’s Nutrition Laboratory studying malnutrition in prisoners of war, Dr. Bowman decided to work abroad for a time and moved to Iran in 1955 as Head of Pathology for the Nemazee Hospital in Shiraz.  He is perhaps best known for his work on favism and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency which he began in Iran.  He then undertook a research fellowship in 1961 at the Galton Labs in London.  Dr. Bowman’s work has taken him to Mexico, Ethiopia, Ghana and other nations to study genetics.  He is also well known for his work on sickle cell anemia, which corrected a number of misconceptions about the disease.  He became the first tenured African American professor in the University of Chicago’s Biological Sciences Department., and is currently Professor Emeritus in Pathology and Medicine.  He is the author of several books, including Genetic Variation and Disorders in Peoples of African Origin published in 1990.  He died in September, 2011.

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